Sunday, October 27, 2013

WebLogic JMS connection factory: Maximum Messages per Session caveat

In OSB, a JMSProxy Service will generate 16 consumers in a queue. This should enable a tremendous message processing parallelism.
Not necessarily.
The way JMS messages are dispatched to the consumers is regulated by the Connection Factory property "Maximum Messages per Session", which defaults to 10 (see "client" tab).

The console help says:
The maximum number of messages that can exist for an asynchronous session 
and that have not yet been passed to the message listener. 
When the Synchronous Prefetch Mode is enabled, 
this value also affects synchronous sessions with a message consumer 
that will prefetch messages in one server access.
(the whole story is told here)

So in our case a single MDB prefetched 10 messages, 1 went to current mode and the others to pending, and the single thread associated to that consumer went stuck on a resource, and the other 9 jms messages stood pending forever.

This is clearly a huge breach of the parallel processing paradigm, and it impacts also SLA on a conspicuous number of messages. We shall look at the opportunity to set this parameter to 1, disabling so the batching delivery mode for JMS messages.

I am not 100% sure that THIS parameter is actually guilty, but I don't see any other explanation.

See also "WebLogic Server (WLS) Support Pattern: Troubleshooting Pending JMS Messages (Doc ID 1204064.1)":

"This message buffer or pipeline can be configured using the MessagesMaximum parameter in the Connection Factory settings ( The default value of this parameter is 10 per instance of the asynchronous client. In case of a MDB, each instance is a separate client. Hence, if there are 15 instances of a given MDB, there can be 10*15=150 pending messages buffered on the MDB side in the message pipeline."

These buffered messages will not be consumed by the client if the client happens to be hanging for any reason while processing a message. Other messages in the pipeline will wait and contribute to the number of pending messages. Each such hanging thread corresponds to a hanging asynchronous client and contributes to pending messages equal to the MessagesMaximum parameter. For instance, 5 threads hanging in onMessage() method will contribute to 50 pending messages, assuming the MessagesMaximum parameter has the default value of 10.

You can also reduce the value of the MessagesMaximum property to 1 from the default value of 10. This means that there will be no messages in the pipeline. A second message will be delivered to the asynchronous consumer only after the first message processing has been completed. This can have some performance impact.

It is important to note that this MessagesMaximum property defined on the Connection Factory is different from the MessagesMaximum property for a JMS destination. The property for a JMS destination is used to configure the maximum number of messages that can be stored in the destination.


cd('/JMSSystemResources/' + jmsmodule + '/JMSResource/' + jmsmodule + '/ConnectionFactories/' + jmsCF + '/ClientParams/' + jmsCF)

once I do this, only max 16 messages (= the number of consumers) are in Pending state at any time, the other messages are current.

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